Yesterday, the minutes of the Federal Reserve’s July meeting were released. What do they say about the Fed’s stance and what do they mean for the gold market?
How can we summarize the recent FOMC minutes? Well, the FOMC members agreed that “the labor market had continued to strengthen and that economic activity had been rising moderately so far this year”. But the most important discussion concerned three other issues.
First, several participants noted uncertainty about the future course of the fiscal policy. A few of them even suggested that “the fiscal stimulus likely would be smaller than they previously expected.” The declining odds of significant fiscal stimulus imply less need for a more hawkish Fed. Thus, this is a bad development for gold.
Second, the several FOMC members pointed out further increases in equity prices. They argued that the rising valuations, together with continued low longer-term interest rates, are equivalent to an easing of financial conditions. Hence, the Fed could be potentially more hawkish as its tightening of monetary policy has been largely offset by other factors influencing financial markets. This is good news for the yellow metal.
Last but definitely not least, the U.S. central bankers discussed the recent low readings of inflation. Although many of them saw the softness in inflation as caused by idiosyncratic factors and thus temporary, the FOMC members noted the downside risks to the inflation outlook. The key paragraph is as follows:
“Participants discussed the softness in inflation in recent months. Many participants noted that much of the recent decline in inflation had probably reflected idiosyncratic factors. Nonetheless, PCE price inflation on a 12 month basis would likely continue to be held down over the second half of the year by the effects of those factors, and the monthly readings might be depressed by possible residual seasonality in measured PCE inflation. Still, most participants indicated that they expected inflation to pick up over the next couple of years from its current low level and to stabilize around the Committee's 2 percent objective over the medium term. Many participants, however, saw some likelihood that inflation might remain below 2 percent for longer than they currently expected, and several indicated that the risks to the inflation outlook could be tilted to the downside.”
Hence, the recent minutes showed rising worries about inflation. Therefore, the U.S. dollar fell after their release (however, it rebounded today against the euro), while the shiny metal rose, as one can see in the charts below.
Chart 1: EUR/USD exchange rate over the last three days.
Chart 2: Gold prices over the last three days.